Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Features

There are countless popular water features in the city center of Rome. Almost all of them were planned, designed and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His skills as a fountain creator and also as a city architect, are visible throughout the streets of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to totally show their artwork, primarily in the shape of public water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An excellent employee, the young Bernini acquired praise and the backing of various popes and important designers. or-151__72728.jpg At the beginning he was known for his sculptural skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he used a base of expertise in ancient Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Wind Bells and Chimes can be made from glass, shells, porcelain, or other materials.

Wind chimes are typically crafted of metal or wood, and are most often formed like tubes or rods; however, chimes may be made from numerous different materials and can be formed in many different ways. In addition to wood or metal, chimes may be created from glass, bamboo, shell, stone, earthenware, stoneware, beading, keys and porcelain. Recycled products including cutlery or cookie cutters may be utilized to design wind chimes that are more exotic. A wind chime’s sound is determined by the materials used in the chime’s design. Whenever recycling products such as these to create chimes, bear in mind that the sounds created are not tunable to specific notes and can be pleasant or flat. Properly -sized tubes in wind chimes are essential because they can be tuned to emit distinct notes. Aluminum has the best interior damping of all prevalent metals; therefore, wind chimes made out of aluminum have the longest and loudest-sounding chime.

A few of the considerations that affect a chime’s tone comprise of materials, the precise alloy, heat process, and whether a strong cylinder or a tube is used. Wall density in the tube, if one is used, can affect tone. Tone may be influenced as a consequence of the method chosen for placing. The product utilized to construct the item that hits the chimes can also affect the tone quality.

A more substantial closing firing temperature in clay wind chimes results in a higher and more ringing tone. The difference between earthenware clay fired at lesser temperatures and stoneware clay fired at higher temperatures is that earthenware clay will make a more lackluster sound. Wind chimes composed of ceramic are able to hold up in strong winds because} of their durability and they are less likely to chip or suffer damage.

Setting Up and Maintaining Outdoor Fountains

Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you bear in mind the dimensions of the space where you are going to place it. A solid wall is absolutely needed to hold up its total weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a light feature is going to be more suitable. You will need to have an electrical socket in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you select, they generally come with simple to understand, step-by-step instructions.

All you will need to correctly install your outdoor wall fountain is typically provided in easy-to-use kits. The kit will contain a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir). Depending on its size, the basin can typically be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Once installed, wall fountains typically only require some light upkeep and regular cleaning.

Replace the water frequently so it is always clean.

It is important to promptly clear away debris such as leaves, twigs or other dreck. Extremely cold temperatures can damage your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during wintertime. If kept outdoors, your pump could break as a result of icy water, so bring it inside during the winter. The bottom line is that if you properly maintain and look after for your outdoor fountain, it will bring you joy for years to come.

Introducing Wind Bells and Windchimes to Your Outdoor Space

Grounds featuring wind chimes are considered to be eclectic. Serving as a filler to footpaths, herb gardens and entrances, they lend a vital element to yards with flower gardens and water features. There are unlimited ways to boost the ambiance of your garden with wind chimes. If you enjoy music as part of your outdoor experience, think about setting up a wind chime garden where you can add your a visual display to music. It is your personal choice whether to cover the entire backyard, or only a small area of the garden landscape with this type of garden. Being able to design your own personalized chime garden, by choosing the location, tone and design, is just one of the many benefits. An important element in setting up your wind chime garden is selecting the best spot for the chimes so that they benefit from the direction and pattern of the wind. Ultimately, you can achieve the perfect outdoor experience by placing the chimes in the right spot.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The arrival of the Normans in the later half of the 11th century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. However the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were fundamental structures that enabled their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally placed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace recommended for walking and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs around the building. On one of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Wind Bells and Chimes can be made from glass, earthenware, stones, or other materials.
A greater final firing temperature occurring in wind chimes composed of clay results in a higher, more tinkling tone. The contrast between earthenware clay fired at reduced temperatures and stoneware clay fired at higher... read more
Chimes can be made from crystal glass, shells, beads, or other materials.
A higher finishing firing temperature in clay wind chimes results in a higher and more ringing tone. A duller noise is generated by earthenware clay fired at a reduced temperatures than stoneware clay fired at ... read more
Windchimes can be made from glass, earthenware, porcelain, or other materials.
In order to achieve a higher, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes, there should be a higher final firing temperature used. The difference between earthenware clay fired at lesser temperatures and... read more
Wind Bells and Wind Chimes and the Art of Feng Shui
The Chinese philosophy of feng shui (or “wind-water” in English) suggested that one's private residence could be positively impacted by the placement, melody, and materials used in a wind chime. read more
The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping
The advent of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century significantly altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design... read more
Your Outdoor Water fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service
It is essential to replenish the water routinely so that it stays clean. Leaves, branches or dirt are types of debris which should be cleared away quickly. ... read more


Athena's Garden Home Page